Veracruz Reef: Largest in the Gulf of Mexico

Coral ecosystem in the Gulf of Mexico. | Credit: Manuel Victoria.

Colorful fish swim in the Mexican reef. Credit: Manuel Victoria.


In the Gulf of Mexico, 27 coral reefs form a submarine mountain range running for miles between six islands. Hundreds of colorful fish species, sea urchins, starfish, and sea grasses share the reef with an abundance of other life forms. Fishing, sport diving, and beach tourism thrive along the coast. This is the magnificent Veracruz Reef, the largest coral ecosystem in the Gulf.

In 1992, Mexico’s government declared the Veracruz Reef System a Natural Protected Area. In 2004, it was listed as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention, a treaty for the protection of wetlands including reefs.

Despite the reef’s recognized significance, in 2013 the government reduced the size of the Natural Protected Area and approved a port expansion project. Construction will damage not only Veracruz Reef, but also the nearby Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve, a jewel of Mexico’s Emerald Coast, which developers will mine for rock to build the port.

What is AIDA doing?

The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty created to sustain the rich diversity of life on Earth. AIDA is appealing to the Convention Secretariat to:

  • Assess the harms that the expansion will cause, and
  • Ask Mexico to revoke project authorization.

In addition, AIDA is pressing the Mexican Ministry of Environment to take action. We are advocating with Ministry staff to compel Mexico to:

  • Compensate for the loss of the Natural Protected Area by selecting a similar portion of reef to protect, and
  • Provide adequate financing to remediate the damage from port expansion.

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